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Appeals Process

Information about the appeals process in Ohio state and federal courts and administrative agencies.

Jurisdiction - U.S. Bankruptcy Courts

Bankruptcy cases are generally filed in U.S. Bankruptcy courts. The U.S. Trustee offers a court locator to help locate the correct court for the initial filing. In Ohio this is typically either:

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Ohio, or

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Ohio. 

Procedure - U.S. Bankruptcy Courts

Information about U.S. Bankruptcy Courts

Procedural rules

U.S. Bankruptcy courts abide by procedural rules to determine the process for a case. These include:

For more information about which rules apply and under what circumstances see Rule 81 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and and Part VII of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure.

Local rules

Bankruptcy courts also typically have local rules which apply to bankruptcy cases as well.


Bankruptcy Appeals - Courts

In bankruptcy cases an appeal may be made to either the appropriate federal district court or directly to the bankruptcy appellate panel (BAP) of the federal circuit court, depending on the jurisdiction and circumstances of the case.  Bankruptcy appellate panels are three judge panels who are authorized to hear bankruptcy cases.  

Federal District Court

In Ohio, if an appeal was heard by the federal district court, it would likely be either:

Bankruptcy Appellate Panel

In Ohio, if an appeal was heard by the bankruptcy appellate panel it would likely be:

Further appeals

A party may be able to further appeal the decision of a federal district court or BAP to the Court of Appeals for the circuit. In Ohio this appeal would be to the

For detailed information about types of appeals, the courts to which a party may appeal, and the circumstances under which those appeals may be made see:


Bankruptcy Appeals - Rules

Federal District Courts - Rules

Bankruptcy Appellate Panels - Rules



Disclaimer: Hamilton County Law Library staff, as a service to its patrons, provides reference services and information, including these research guides. To protect the public interest, Ohio law requires that legal advice and services be rendered only by qualified attorneys who are subject to the guidelines of the courts. Library staff members do not interpret the law, provide legal advice, or explain court procedures. The information provided is not a substitute for legal advice from a licensed attorney.  None of our services shall be construed as giving legal advice.